Colon cancer

What is colon cancer?

Abnormal growth can occur in the colon and rectum called polyps. These polyps can be detected and removed with early screening but if left unchecked and not removed they can continue to grow and become cancerous.
No one knows the cause of colon cancers but risk factors have been identified that places you at increased risk for getting colon cancer Risk factors:
1.family or personal history of colon
Cancer
2.Agenetic syndrome
3.Smoking/Tobacco use
4. Being obese/overweight
5.low fiber diet
6.Decreased physical activity. 7.inflammatory bowel disease 8.Crohn’s disease,Ulcerative colitis,9.Alcohol consumption Treatment The best treatment suggested is early detection because treatment options vary depends on the stages of the cancer and the earlier it is detected the greater the chance is for survival
Stage 0 treatment:Usually surgery to remove the cancer is all that is needed at this stage because the cancer has not moved beyond the lining of the stomach.
Stage I treatment:In this stage the cancer has grown through several layers of the colon so treatment includes surgical removal of the section of the colon that has cancer called colectomy. Usually no other treatment is necessary
Stage IIUsually these cancers have gown through the wall of the colon and is now also in nearby tissue so treatment includes surgery to remove sections of the colon containing cancer. If completely removed this may be the only treatment necessary but in this stage some doctors recommend chemotherapy after surgery if they think the cancer will return
Stage III Treatment In this stage we now have lymph node involvement but the cancer has no spread to other parts of the body, so treatment includes surgery to remove areas of the colon and lymph nodes involved ,followed by chemotherapy is the standard treatment for this stage. Your doctor may suggest radiation therapy if it is thought that cancer cells may have been left behind.
Stage IV Treatment:In this stage the cancer has now spread from the colon to other organs/areas in the body . Usually to the lung or liver , therefore the treat will include surgery to remove areas.containing cancer cells ( if area is not to large to remove). Chemotherapy is usually given before and after surgery , because surgery usually not enough to cure the cancer by itself in this stage . If the cancer is too large for surgical removal then chemotherapy is usually the main treatment .For advanced cancers radiation therapy may be suggested to help relieve symptoms and prevent pain . While this may shrink the tumor it is unlikely to result in a cure .

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